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Waste management

The type of waste generated by IMA’s production activities consists mainly of mixed packaging materials, such as plastics and the like, cardboard and wood. In addition, the plants that carry out mechanical processes on metal surfaces with chip removal generate waste consisting of residues such as iron and aluminium filings, ferrous scrap and other metals, such as aluminium, bronze and brass.

To a lesser extent, the waste resulting from the testing of the automatic machines produced also has to be considered. Tests are performed with the materials and products to be packaged, sent directly by customers (pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, medicines, food, such as tea, coffee, stock cubes and cheese).

Lastly, as regards liquid waste (which is in any case disposed of safely, so not discarded), IMA’s plants produce waste in the form of oily emulsions and used mineral oils generated by maintenance activities on workshop machine tools and on automatic machines being assembled and tested. In addition to these, other types of liquid waste produced are the water solutions that are the result of washing automatic machines after testing with the products to be packaged and with demineralized water.

Also to be considered is a small quantity of WEEE (waste electrical and electronic equipment) and electric cables (copper).

In Italy, all types of waste produced by operations are collected by each factory separately by type and disposed of in compliance with the law, preferably taking them to specialist disposal facilities that treat them with a view to recycling materials and energy. Separate collection is also carried out in the office areas (such as for toner, paper and cardboard), as well as in the refreshment areas and in the canteen (plastic and organic): all employees have been trained and informed about the criteria for waste separation.

Only 8.7% of the waste disposed of by IMA is classified as hazardous. 33.38% of the waste products produced by IMA in 2019 are to be recycled and reused.

Again in 2019, there were no significant spills or discharges of waste water containing chemicals, waste or fuels, reflecting successful implementation of the procedures that constitute the Environmental Management System and the awareness, training and care of staff.

The trend in data relating to waste produced and disposed of over the two-year period reflects a better quality of data and information available at Group level.



  2017 2018 2019
  Hazardous waste Non-hazardous waste Total Hazardous waste Non-hazardous waste Total

Hazardous waste

Non-hazardous waste


Recycling/Re-use 2,95 2,755.1 2,758.1 2.52 1,769.40 1,771.92




Energy recovery   87,9 87,9 64.10 64.10



Stocking and/or placing in reserve for recovery purposes 120.4 1,053.6 1,174.0 113.93 1,383.42 1,497.3




Incineration 11.8 181.0 192.8 3.88 135.38 139.26




Landfill 0.1 1,060.4 1,060.5 0.09 364.35 364.44



Other disposal operations (such as: purifier) 192.8 865.7 1,058.5 260.77 1,031.23 1,292.00




Stocking or placing in reserve for disposal purposes 42.9 92.2 135.1 124.40 85.99 210.39





371.9 6,096.0 6,466,9 505.57 4,833.88 5,339.45





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