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Energy management

Pursuant to the provisions of Article 8 of Legislative Decree 102/2014 (Transposition of EU Directive 27/2012, obligations for Energy Efficiency), IMA S.p.A., falling within the scope of the legislation as a “Large Company,” appointed an ESCo (Energy Service Company) to carry out an Energy Diagnosis at its main production sites. In accordance with the Guidelines issued by ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), all IMA plants in Italy were taken into account (not only those included in the scope of this Report, but also the production units of associates of the Parent Company IMA S.p.A. held with interests of between 25% and 50%). Based on this “clustering”, the sites requiring a specific Energy Diagnosis were identified: in this specific case, the Energy Diagnoses carried out during 2019 concerned three IMA S.p.A. production plants – the sites in Via Emilia 428-442 and Via I° Maggio 14-16 in Ozzano dell’Emilia (Bologna, Italy) and the site in Via Romagnoli 2-6 in Bentivoglio (Bologna, Italy) – and helped identify various potential energy efficiency measures that can be considered for application in subsequent years.

The object of the Energy Diagnosis is to get in-depth knowledge of the effective energy behaviour (and consumption) of the entity under review in order to identify the most effective amendments of such behaviour to achieve the following objectives:

• improve energy efficiency;

• reduce energy supply costs;

• redevelop the energy system;

• improve environmental sustainability.

Various methods have been adopted to reduce energy consumption: from the adoption of responsible behaviour by the personnel (for example, company regulations recommend to turn off PCs at the end of the working day), to investment in efficient or low energy plants, machinery and devices (involving general and auxiliary production services), through the implementation of supervisory systems in technological plants for their monitoring and control (operating parameters and switch-on and switch-off times can be programmed and feedback can be received in the event of losses or faults).

In 2019, considering the Italian companies in the scope of consolidation, out of 88,820.87 GJ of electricity purchased, 40.4% came from renewable sources: the supply of energy from certified renewable sources was also extended, in 2019, to the sites in Via Emilia, 428/442 and Via I Maggio 14/16 Ozzano dell’Emilia (Bologna, Italy). In addition, 2,202.43 GJ of photovoltaic electricity were produced and self-consumed, while 666 GJ were produced and put on the grid.

Over the last year, there has been an increase in the total electricity consumption by IMA Italian companies. At the same time, in line with previous years, there was a further simultaneous expansion of the number of IMA’s industrial sites, which in 2019 again marked a growth in terms of revenue, personnel and production area. The ratio between the electricity purchased and the total number of employees of IMA is equal to 5829.01 kWhe per capita.
The consumption of natural gas, diesel and LPG is primarily due to the functioning of plants and machinery, also in the service of production (mainly for central heating systems and the production of hot water for non-industrial use). In particular, the natural gas trend, not much different from the previous year, reflects the changes in the reporting perimeter.
The remaining fuel consumption (petrol, in addition to those mentioned above) can be attributed to refuelling of cars and trucks from the company pool: from 2019 the figures for the company car pool also include consumption by rental cars (being cars under operating or finance leases).


IMA has prepared programs and initiatives for the ongoing reduction of environmental impact and to increase efficiency in the use of energy resources.

In particular, in pursuit of this commitment, IMA has implemented the following policies in Italy:

• since 2014, in its largest facility and at IMA’s head office, the Via Emilia 428/442 site in Ozzano dell’Emilia (Bologna, Italy), electricity has been supplied exclusively from certified renewable sources. In 2018, IMA extended this supply to the Via I Maggio 14-16 site in Ozzano dell’Emilia; together, the consumption of these two sites is about 40% of the electricity that IMA purchases on the Italian free market. This source of green energy is certified by appropriate GO (Guarantee of Origin certificates) issued by the entity that supplies the electricity to IMA;

• it produces renewable electricity from photovoltaic installation:

o factory of IMA S.p.A. in Via Emilia 428-442, Ozzano dell’Emilia: capacity of 155 kWp;

o factory of IMA S.p.A. in Via Piave 16, Ozzano dell’Emilia: capacity of 310.9 kWp;

o factory of G.S. Coating Technologies in Via Friuli 38-40, Osteria Grande (Bologna, Italy): capacity of 70 kWp;

o factory of Revisioni Industriali S.r.l. in via Nobel 34, Ozzano dell’Emilia: capacity of 19.5 kWp;

o factory of ILAPAK Italia S.p.A., via Lama 11-13 Foiano della Chiana (Arezzo, Italy): plant with a capacity of 55.575 kWp;

o factory of Eurosicma S.p.A.: plant with a capacity of 158.4 kWp;

o factory of Atop S.p.A.: plant with a capacity of 93.2 kWp;


  TOTAL 2017 TOTAL 2018 TOTAL 2019
Energy consumption from non-renewable sources  
Natural gas (used for heating work environments) 192,038 116,323 110,914.50
Natural gas (used in vehicles) n.d. 1.00 21.64
LGP (used for roasting and testing roasting machines and for vehicles) 56 57.00 373.87
Diesel (used in generators, motor-driven fire-fighting units and high-pressure cleaners and in vehicles) 35,703 30,945 37,008.23
Petrol (used in vehicles) 2,205 1,322


Total 230,002 148,648



Electricity purchased (tot.) 126,889 129,710 128,760
of which from certified renewable sources n.a. 33,175


Self-produced and consumed electricity (from photovoltaic systems)




Electricity that is self-produced and sold/fed back into the grid (by photovoltaic system)




* From 2019 the figure also includes the consumption linked to rental cars (cars under operating and / or financial leases).

it produces renewable thermal energy using solar collectors (supporting the thermal plant at the factory in Via Emilia 428-442), with a consequent saving in the consumption of methane;

• during 2019, it replaced fluorescent lamps with new generation LEDs in workplace lighting systems; this is expected to take place gradually at all the plants over the next few years;

• it implemented a program, over the past few years, for the gradual replacement of:

o old compressors with new models that have inverter-controlled motors, more efficient even with partial loads;

o UPS (back-up power units) with new, more efficient models;

o conditioners with new models that guarantee greater efficiency and the centralization of installations;

• construction has started on a new building for use by the Safe Division of IMA S.p.A. in Ozzano dell’Emilia, which will have a photovoltaic system with a nominal power of 994 kWp installed on the roof;

• a plant has recently been leased in Via degli Artigiani in Castel San Pietro Terme (Bologna, Italy), for future use by the IMA Life Division, fitted with a 55.58 kWp photovoltaic system on the roof, which comes with surface rights.

Other energy efficiency initiatives foreseen in the future in Italy concern:

• installation of a gas-powered trigeneration plant for the production of electricity, hot water for heating and refrigerated water for cooling;

• purchase of electricity solely from certified renewal sources for the other sites of IMA.

In general, in the coming years, one of the primary objectives will be respect for the eco-sustainability of new buildings or buildings being refurbished and/or extended (for example: fitting of double glazing, insulation coating, efficient systems for heat generation or summer cooling, etc.), in order to reduce energy needs.